Kia Sportage: Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor (ECTS): Description and Operation - Engine Control System - Engine Control / Fuel System - Kia Sportage SL Service & Repair ManualKia Sportage: Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor (ECTS): Description and Operation

Third generation SL (2010–2016) / Kia Sportage SL Service & Repair Manual / Engine Control / Fuel System / Engine Control System / Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor (ECTS): Description and Operation

Description
Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor (ECTS) is located in the engine coolant passage of the cylinder head for detecting the engine coolant temperature. The ECTS uses a thermistor that changes resistance with the temperature.
The electrical resistance of the ECTS decreases as the temperature increases, and increases as the temperature decreases. The reference +5V is supplied to the ECTS via a resistor in the ECM. That is, the resistor in the ECM and the thermistor in the ECTS are connected in series. When the resistance value of the thermistor in the ECTS changes according to the engine coolant temperature, the output voltage also changes.
During cold engine operation, the ECM increases the fuel injection duration and controls the ignition timing using the information of engine coolant temperature to avoid engine stalling and improve drivability.

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Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor (ECTS): Specifications
Specification TemperatureResistance (k?)°C°F-40-4048.14-20-414.13 ~ 16.830325.7920682.31 ~ 2.59401041.15601400.59801760.32 ...

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